In the new fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, DSM-5, gambling disorder is placed in a new category of behavioral addictions. Its clinical expression and physiology are similar to substance-related disorders. However, there are some differences between the two disorders. In this article, we discuss the treatment options for gambling disorder. This article explains the differences and similarities between pathological gambling and compulsive gambling.
Compulsive gambling, also called pathological gambling, is a serious mental illness that leads to an obsession with gambling. In some cases, compulsive gamblers cannot control their urge to gamble and continue to gamble even when the odds are stacked against them and they cannot afford to lose. These people may also experience debilitating depression, anxiety, and even theft as a way to compensate for their excessive gambling.
While social gamblers have a natural curiosity to play the game, the addiction to gambling can spiral out of control. In such cases, the individual may struggle to pay bills or to find the money to play. Like other addictions, compulsive gambling can lead to serious problems and requires professional treatment. In such cases, the patient must undergo rehab. Once he or she finds the right treatment, compulsive gambling can be curbed.
A person who has a habit of pathological gambling must meet at least five out of ten criteria that are commonly used in diagnosing this condition. These criteria must be met without substance abuse, and the behavior must not occur during a manic episode. Psychometrically valid screening instruments are available to detect these behaviors, including the South Oaks Gambling Screen and Lie/Bet questionnaires. These instruments are sensitive to the symptoms of pathological gambling.
Treatment for pathological gambling includes both psychotherapy and medication, similar to treatments for substance use disorders. Pathological gamblers also take part in self-help groups. In addition to treatment, many patients are also referred to a gambling specialist for further evaluation and management. A treatment for pathological gambling begins early enough to avoid devastating consequences. It’s important to seek help if the gambling problem persists or gets worse. Listed below are some of the most common types of treatments for pathological gambling.
Addiction to gambling
While it is easy to understand the appeal of gambling to a large portion of the population, the reality is much more complex. While the traditional gambling world is a place where people can lose a lot of money, gambling addictions can occur in many different contexts. This means that not only is a problem with casinos or slots common, but also with lottery tickets, betting on sports, and playing digital gambling platforms. While many people associate these activities with gambling, they can also be the result of emotional distress or a secluded life.
Many people suffering from gambling addictions have underlying problems with depression. Symptoms of depression can range from lethargy and fatigue to a change in appetite. Neither of these issues can be easily controlled, but dual diagnosis treatment can help individuals address both. It is important to note that treatment for gambling addictions should not only target the symptoms of addiction, but also the underlying psychological cause. In addition, addiction treatment should focus on relapse prevention and building inner resources, as well as improving the client’s self-esteem.
Therapy for gambling addiction is a viable option for many people. During therapy, an individual can learn how to identify and challenge harmful thinking patterns that are causing the behavior. One popular form of therapy is cognitive behavioral therapy, which focuses on modifying harmful beliefs with healthy ones. A person can also find support from a support group, such as AA or NA. However, it is important to know that therapy for gambling addiction should be individualized.
Unlike most physical illnesses, there is no known cure for gambling addiction. However, if a person wants to recover from their addiction, they must be willing to make a serious commitment to overcoming their problem. This commitment can begin with making the decision to seek treatment and staying in treatment. Although many people seek out rehab services for a short stay, most opt to stay for a longer period of time. The long-term goal for the person in a treatment program is to be able to make the most of their time.